BERMAN, JAKUB (1901–1984), Polish Communist leader. Born in Warsaw, a brother of adolf berman , Jacob graduated in law and then undertook research into the economic and social history of Poland. Some of his articles on these subjects dealt with Jewish problems, and in 1926 he published a dissertation on the tasks of the historical section of the Jewish Scientific Institute (YIVO). From 1928 to 1939 he worked for the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Berman joined the Polish Communist Party in 1928, becoming one of its most active workers. During World War II he took refuge in the Soviet Union, and in 1943 helped to organize the Soviet-sponsored Union of Polish Patriots. He was a member of the political staff of the Polish Army in the U.S.S.R. and of the Polish National Liberation Committee. After the war he returned to Poland and was undersecretary of state in the presidium of the Council of Ministers from 1945 to 1952. From 1952 to 1956 he was a deputy premier. In these years Berman was a leading figure in the Political Bureau and a close colleague of the Polish president, Boleslaw Bierut. In 1956, when Wladislaw Gomulka came to power, Berman was accused of Stalinism and removed from all his government and party posts. From 1958 to 1968 he worked as editor in a publishing   house but in 1968, during the antisemitic campaign, he was forced to retire. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Kozlowski, Zarys Dziejow Polskiego Ruchu Robotniczego do roku 1948 (1980), index; D. Stola, Kampanja antysjonistyczna (2000), index; J. Eisler, Marzec 1968 (1991), index; K. Nusbaum, Ve-hafakh lahem le-Ro'eẓ, Ha-Yehudim be-Ẓava ha-Amami ha-Polani bi-Berit ha-Mo'eẓot (1984), index. (Abraham Wein)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Jakub Berman — (* 23. Dezember 1901 in Warschau, damals Russland; † 10. April 1984 in Warschau) war ein polnischer kommunistischer Politiker. Der aus einer jüdischen Familie stammende Berman besuchte das Gymnasium i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Jakub Berman — (born December 26, 1901, in Warsaw, then Russian Empire died April 10, 1984), was a Polish communist politician. As a member of the Polish United Workers Party s Politburo he was in charge of State Security Services ( Urząd Bezpieczeństwa ) and… …   Wikipedia

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  • Adolf Berman — Adolf Abraham Berman (17 October 1906, Warsaw ndash; 3 February 1978, Tel Aviv) was a Polish Jewish psychologist, member of Poale Zion Left party, editor of Arbeter Cajtung [,,,,berman adolf abraham,haslo.html] ,… …   Wikipedia

  • Adolf Berman — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Berman. Adolf Berman (1906 1978) est un sioniste, psychologue polonais et secrétaire de Żegota, une section de la résistance polonaise (Armia Krajowa) qui opérait en Pologne durant l occupation allemande entre… …   Wikipédia en Français

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